Wedding in India is much more than invitations, décor, entertainment, fineries and clothes. It is first of all the bondage of two hearts and mental compatibility. Families play a major part in Indian weddings. Traditions and ceremonies are integral part of the wedding factor. Wedding ceremonies in India are elaborate fares lasting for four to five days. The occasion is divided into three parts- pre marriage ceremonies, the main day function, and post marriage ceremonies.
The main day of the wedding involves rigorous rituals and traditions. Each of the rituals has its own role and symbolic significance. Sapta Padi is one of the integral part of the main marriage ceremony which involves the bride and groom taking their marriage vow while completing the seven rounds together. Mantras of loyalty, love and commitment are chanted while completing the rounds. Wedding ceremonies in India are no doubt elaborate and time consuming. However each traditions and ceremonies have their own significance. Moreover weddings in India also give everyone a chance to get together. Relatives travel long distance to be there beside their loved ones on this special occasion. It speaks of the strong sense of intimacy in Indians. It also shows that by nature Indians are social beings.
India each region has a different way of celebrating Pre Wedding Ceremonies in India. These ceremonies are as significant as the main marriage ceremony and form an integral part of the whole gamut. Puja and Yagnas are performed for the wellbeing of the couple. Sangeet Ceremony is an occasion when the bride is blessed by her elders which is then followed by merrymaking, songs and dance. A mehendiwali is called forth on the occasion of Mehendi Ceremony who designs the bride’s hand with intricate patterns. Haldi is also regarded as an auspicious occasion by the Hindus. Both the bride and bride groom are smeared with Haldi. This ceremony is also known as Uptaan elsewhere in India. A paste is made from Turmeric, rosewater and sandalwood. The bride and the groom are barred from seeing each other after this ceremony till the marriage day
In some parts of India Tilak Ceremony is also significant. The Engagement Ceremony deals with the exchange of rings between the bride and the groom in the presence of a pujari. Generally the marriage date is fixed after the Sagaai or engagement ceremony.
This Pre Wedding Ceremonies in India may be different for the different races and clans. However each of the custom has one thing in common and that is to prepare the bride and the bride groom for the auspicious marriage day. The bride grooms and brides dress in their fineries and are surrounded by all members of the family and friends. The occasions are further enlivened by songs, dance Mehendi rituals and general discussions on love, marriage, and after marriage commitments.