Religion and people of Rajasthan


Religion has always played very important role in the lives of Indian people right from medieval times. Numerous religions practiced by Indian can something bewilder the visitor but a general understanding and tolerance has always existed and accounted for the wonderful cultural unity that has kept the Indian spirit alive.What is true for the rest of India is true for Rajasthan as well. Almost all the major religions are represented here. Apart from the Hindus, who form a majority, there are Muslims, Christians, Sikhs, and Jains.

The desert state of Rajasthan is popular for its unique culture and lifestyle. This distinctive nature of Rajasthan attracts many tourists from all over the world. The Marwaris form the main set of people in Rajasthan. These people basically belong to the business class of Rajasthan. The top business families like Birlas, Goenkas, Ruias, Singhanias are Marwaris from Rajasthan. The native people of Rajasthan are a lot more than the popular Marwari families. The Rajput chieftans are another group of people who are equally famous in Rajasthan. These are the ones who built the grand forts, palaces and havelis of Rajasthan. History is replete with legends of their bravery, their romantic forays, and their adventures. The Rajputs were generally stoutly built people of good height; they generally worshipped the Sun, Shiva, and Vishnu.

As the Hindus mostly inhabit Rajasthan the main religion of the people is Hinduism. But as the Muslims, Jains, Sikhs, and Christians also form a fair proportion of the population, other religions have incorporated in the state of Rajasthan. The Hindus are divided into numerous castes and sub-castes. The Muslims include the new-Muslims or quasi-Hindus who observe both Hindu and Muslim customs and rituals. Of the Jain sects, the Digambars are undivided but the Svetambars are divided into two as idolaters and Sadhumargis including Terapanthis and Sthanakvasis.After partition the Sikh population has increased in this region since partition. Christians in Rajasthan are mostly concentrated in the big cities and include Roman Catholics, Methodists, Anglicans, and other Protestant denominations. Apart from these main religions there are many local folk heroes and deities like Pabuji, Ramdeoji, Gogaji, Mahaji, Tejaji and Harbuji who command as much allegiance and loyalty of the disciples as any other main religion of Rajasthan.