The history of Bharatpur dates back to the epic age, when the Matsya Kingdom flourished here in the 5th century B.C. The Matsya were allies of the Pandavas in the Mahabharata war. According to tradition the name of Bharatpur is traced to Bharat, the brother of Lord Rama of Ayodhya whose other brother Laxman was given the high place of family deity of the ruling family of Bharatpur. His name also appears in the State seals & coat – of – arms.
Among the many kingdoms of Rajasthan, Bharatpur was the only one rued by a dynasty of non – Rajputs. Raja Suraj Mal used the enormous weather acquired by his armies to good effect. He built numerous forts & palaces across the kingdom including the Pleasure Palace complex at deeg.
Commonly referred to as Bharatpur, the Park is a delight for bird watchers. Over 300 species of birds are found here and raised paths, camouflaged by babul trees and undergrowth make viewing easy. A quiet ride by boat in the early hours of the morning is also an unforgettable experience. There are mixed heronries on the half submerged babul trees and the cacophony is unbelievable as painted storks, open bills, spoon bills, egrets, cormorants, white ibis and multitudes of others, tend their young. Jacanas with their iridescent colours and elegant tail feathers and purple moorhen can be seen delicately treading over the floating vegetation. While harriers and fishing eagles circle overhead in search of prey, the pied kingfisher hovers dramatically over the water in a flurry of wings. There are varieties of storks and cranes and the local sarus crane is elegant in a livery of grey and red.
Every year Bharatpur waits with bated breath for the arrival of the Siberian cranes. There are only two wintering places for this rare species one in Iran and other in Bharatpur. These beautiful birds with their distinctive red beaks and facial patches, fly over 6400 km from their summer retreats in Siberia.
|Area||:||22 sq. kms.|
|Climate||:||Hot Summer (7.0 CMin to 31.7 Max C)
Cold Winter (37.0 Min to 45.0 Max C)
|Season||:||Winter Oct. - March
Summer April – June
|Language||:||Rajasthani, Hindi, English|
Jaipur, Jodhpur and Udaipur lay on the Airlines route that links Delhi and Mumbai. Nearest Airport-Agra (54 kms.) from Bharatpur. Agra has thrice a week flights from Delhi, Varanasi (via Khajuraho).
Most of Rajasthan is accessible by a network of rail services. The Shatabdi Express is an excellent connection to Agra from Delhi. The trains offer vestibule, chair-seating rail service. Bharatpur is on the main Delhi-Mumbai line with regular connections to Mathura, Sawai Madhupur and Kota on the same route. It is also connected with Agra.
The State Roadways coaches link most tourist places and business centers in and around the state. Chauffeur-driven air-conditioned cars can be hired through the State Tourist Offices and other approved operators.
Bharatpur is well connected by road with Agra, Mathura, Deeg, Alwar, Delhi and Jaipur. Regular bus services operate for all major cities.
The best time visit Bharatpur is between Octobre and February. The weather remains very pleasant during this time. The daytime temperature during this time encourages visits to various tourist places to see in Bharatpur. The summer months, from March to May, are best to be avoided, as the temperature can easily cross 40° C, which is not conducive for visiting places of attractions in Bharatpur.